Friday, July 19, 2019

Important Women Rights and Safeguards in the Constitution of India


After independence many provisions have been introduced to improve the social status of women and give them such a platform where they can use their potential for their betterment and can contribute positively to the development of their country.

Indian constitution not only provide equality to women but also empowers the State to adopt  positive approach in favour of women for neutralizing the cumulative socio economic, education and political disadvantages faced by them.

Indian Women are the victim of this evil caste system.They have been moved caste from one generation to another generation. While drafting the Constitution of India, Dr. B.R Ambedkar was the prime mover of the welfare of women.

Rights and safeguards contained in the Constitution for women in India are listed below - 

▪️ Article 14
Equality before law or equal protection within the territory of India for women.

▪️ Article 15 

  • State not to discriminate against any citizen of India on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth. 
  • State free to make any special provision in favour of women and children. 


▪️ Article 16
Equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointments to any office under the State.

▪️ Article 23
Traffic in human beings, begar and other similar forms of forced labour are prohibited.

▪️ Article 39

  • State to direct its policy in the direction of securing for men and women equally the right to an adequate means of livelihood.
  • Equal pay for equal work for both men & women. 
  • To promote justice, on a basis of equal opportunity and to provide free legal aid by suitable legislation or scheme or in any other way to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen of India by reason of economic or other disabilities. 


▪️ Article 42
State make provision for securing just & humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.

▪️ Article 46
State to promote with special care or protection the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of people and to protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation or misuse.

▪️ Article 47
State to increase the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people.

▪️ Article 51
To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India (transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities) and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.

▪️ Article 243

  • Not less than one-third (including the number of seats reserved for women belonging to the Scheduled Tribes and the Scheduled Castes ) of the total number of seats to be filled by direct election in every Panchayat shall reserved for women and such seats may be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in a Panchayat. 
  • Provided that Not less than one- third of the total number of office of Chairpersons in the Panchayats at each level to be reserved for women. 
  • Not less than one third (including the number of seats reserved for women belonging to the Scheduled Tribes and the Scheduled Castes) of the total number of seats to be filled by direct election in every Municipality to be reserved for women & such seats may be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in a Municipality. 
  • Offices of Chairperson in the Municipalities reserved for the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and women in such manner as the legislature of a State may by law provide.



1 comment:

  1. https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=10217413796810799&id=1651101671
    Please help.
    I'm standing strong all by myself against the whole system.

    Please help. I'm standing strong all alone against the whole system

    ReplyDelete